Pakistan’s pivot towards geo economics will enable Pakistan to strengthen its defense as arms and tanks solely cannot adequately protect the nation. The world needs to develop a cooperative framework for conflict resolution as conflict between major powers can easily become out of control. The west and Russia need to sit together and end the conflict in Ukraine and all sides should respect each other’s security concerns and redlines. These views were expressed by Chief of the Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa during his inaugural address on the second day of Islamabad Security Dialogue, April 02, 2022. India should conduct a thorough and an independent investigation on the firing of hypersonic cruise missile as the incident could have led to loss of life and grave security ramifications. He also warned that Pakistan has placed response mechanism against threats to disturb strategic stability. The second day of Islamabad Security Dialogue, 2022 included sessions on “Challenges to International Security”; “Evolving Challenges and Opportunities in |International Law” and “Citizen Centric National Security Policy.” Panelists of the second session titled Challenges to International Security” were of the view that the present international order is bound to make certain readjustments as major power rivalries heat up. Pravin Sawhney was of the view that China has excelled at integrating artificial intelligence in military doctrine thereby giving tough competition to United States. Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi was a keynote speaker at the session. He said that the world has seen ravages of war, polarization and power projection which have only brought catastrophic consequences for humanity. The five advisory board think tanks of the National Security Division (NSD) presented the findings of their several simulation exercises and roundtables on broader themes of national security policy. These were: population, non-traditional security threats, national cohesion, national security/geo-economics and consensus on national security beyond traditional security. Federal Minister for Information and Broadcasting Chaudhry Fawad Hussain gave closing keynote address and talked on the role of emerging technologies and new media in national security. He stressed on the importance of having our own story to tell the globe and changing the global narrative about Pakistan. Minister Fawad emphasized that the tools of modern warfare has changed and information tools have become crucial in defeating nations without fighting wars.

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